Dyscalculia

"It is thought that around 3% of the population are affected by the condition"

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Dyscalculia

 Dyscalculia is a condition that affects the ability to acquire arithmetical skills. Like dyslexia, but affecting the ability to work with numbers, dyscalculia affects individuals to varying degrees. It is thought that around 3% of the population are affected by the condition.

 Dyscalculia is a specific learning difficulty. It affects a person's ability to understand the system of numbers, to learn mathematical facts and to apply mathematical knowledge flexibly and intuitively. Those with the condition frequently struggle to make sense of money problems, telling the time and equivalent units of measurement. They will also find it hard to estimate using numerical values.

 Dyscalculia has been recognized as a condition in its own right rather than as simply yet another dimension of dyslexia. Whilst some dyslexics may also be affected by dyscalculia,  there will be others whose problem is rather with reading the question and with accurately recording numbers and symbols. Research suggests that 40 - 50% per cent of dyslexics do not have any dyscalculia-type difficulties. Dyscalculia is not related to intelligence.

Those with dyscalculia may experience the following mathematical difficulties:

  • Learning and recalling number facts - number bonds, multiplication tables, formulae
  • Applying known rules
  • Recognizing number patterns
  • Estimating
  • Understanding a range of concepts, including: telling the time, handling money, kilometres per hour and temperature

Individuals affected by dyscalculia may also struggle:

  • To follow directions
  • To learn dance steps or sporting moves
  • To follow sporting rules or the rules for board games
  • To visualise mechanical processes